Experiments & theory

There is not enough space to list all the methods that will be used in the research programme; we will therefore only mention the more important ones in this Section. In the theoretical research, we will use, for instance, density functional theory (DFT), a new QM-MM (Quantum Mechanics-Molecular Mechanics) approach, the time-dependent wave packet (TDWP) method, and quantum transition state theory (QTST). In the experimental research, state-of-the-art nanotechnology (for instance, e-beam litography, and colloidal litography) will be used, and techniques like atomic force microscopy (AFM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), X-ray Photon Spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), impedance spectroscopy, laser flash photolysis, laser Raman spectroscopy, Fourier Infrared Spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), pressure composition isotherm analysis (PCI), the quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) technique, neutron energy loss spectroscopy (NELS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy.